Bone, Joint and Muscle Health

The human body has 206 bones, over 300 joints, and over 650 muscles and ligaments.

The bones provide our bodies with support — such as the skull, which is responsible for the formation of our face as well as protecting the skull; the backbone, which is responsible for protecting the spinal cord — the pathway that transmits messages back and forth between the brain and body; the ribs, responsible for protecting the lungs, heart, liver and spleen; and the pelvic, which protects the bladder/reproductive organs and intestines. While bones may seem light, they are also able to withstand weight.

Then there are the joints. The joints are where the bones meet and allow is to be flexible. Without joints, we wouldn’t be able to move at all. In addition, the muscles also play a similar role and aid in flexibility.

The bones consist of calcium, sodium, phosphorus, collagen and other minerals. In order for the bones to stay healthy, calcium is required. When the bones lack calcium or other minerals, they become much more susceptible to fractures and breaks. Calcium is commonly found in milk. If you are lactose intolerant then you may want to consider taking a calcium supplement.

As we overwork our bones, joints and muscles, we become more susceptible to injury. There are a number of injuries that can happen to the bones, joints and the muscles, with the most common being breaks or strains/sprains/fractures. These types of injuries are commonly seen in contact sports, such as football, and occur frequently in school-aged children. RSIs (Repetitive Strain Injuries) can also commonly occur as a result of bone, joint or muscle overuse. For example, if you write or type on a regular basis without taking breaks, you may develop conditions known as carpal tunnel or tendinitis. These can be severely painful and debilitating conditions if left untreated.

The best course of action that Dr. Ali Ghahary recommends to treat these types of injuries is, of course, rest — meaning no writing, typing or playing any contact sports until you are fully healed. Dr. Ali Ghahary also recommends the use of a bandage. Wearing a bandage regularly will help to protect (and better support) your bones, joints and muscles, and will prevent injuries from occurring in the future.

More on bone, joint and muscle health can be found by following Dr. Ali Ghahary on Instagram and Twitter!

Originally published at on October 10, 2017.



Dr. Ali Ghahary is a Family Physician in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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